While the African elephant increases in population, its Asian counterpart has not been so fortunate. There are several reasons for this , but in general it is the conflict between humanity and elephants that causes fatalities on both sides.
In India, 80 percent of elephant distribution is outside protected areas (PAs) and human-elephant conflicts (HEC) are common. 29964 elephants in the country have been documented. The main threats to Asian elephants today are changes to their habitat because of an expanding human population and the conflicts between the two species. Reservoirs, hydroelectric projects and associated canals, irrigation dams, numerous pockets of cultivation and plantations, highways, railway lines, mining and industrial development , all contribute to the pressure on the elephant territories.
According to the official data, during 2016-17 to 2018-19, 314 elephants were killed. Of these, 206 were due to electrocution, 60 due to train accidents, 21 due to poisoning and 27 elephants died due to poaching. During the same period, the conflict led to the death of 1,474 people. (Wikipedia)
Is it possible for the two species to coexist? In a country like India , where elephants are said to be revered, can we protect this beautiful mammal by protecting its habitat and food corridors?