The National Education Policy 2020 is an effort by the government to develop Indian into a global knowledge super power. The system of education established by the British, and continued by Indian governments has been in need of reforms for a while. This is the third time it is being revised, the first two times being in 1968 and 1986. Here are some of the highlights of the policy:
1. Pre school education - reducing the age at which a child enters an institution
2. Changing the 10 + 2 format into 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 format - from 3 to 8 yrs - will be a foundational learning for 5 years, followed by a preparatory school for 8 - 11 yrs kids from class 3 to class 5 - Middle school for 11 - 14 yrs from class 6 to class 8 and Secondary school for 14 yrs to 18 yr old children from class 9 to class 12.
3. Choice of multiple disciplines rather than straight jacketing into any one direction too early.
4. Addition of extra curricular activities.
5. Testing core capacity rather than memorising ability.
6. Possibility of appearing for board exams twice to improve scores.
7. Freedom to choose language of instruction to encourage mother tongue as a medium of education.
8. Four year under graduate programme for higher education option available to jump directly to a PhD.
9. Multiple exit options for students - if they cannot continue higher education.
10. Multidisciplinary courses in higher education to phase out single stream approach.
11. Single regulatory body for the education.
12. Opening up higher education in India to foreign universities.